Ifugao Ikat weaving is a style of weaving that uses a resist dyeing process on either the warp or weft before the threads are woven to create a pattern or design. The result of this process is a motif which is fuzzy in appearance. This blurry look comes from the slight bleeding of the dyes into the resist areas. Ifugao Ikat is characterized by diamond stripes of white and red stripes. It is known for its colors and striking design patterns.
There are several types of Ikat weaving: warp ikat, weft ikat, and double ikat. Warp Ikat is when only the vertical yarn, the warp, is tie-dyed for weaving. It’s used when regular patterns are to be woven. It’s difficult to weave because the weft colors are to be thrown precisely against the warp patterns. Weft Ikat on the other hand, is when only the horizontal yarn, the weft, is tie-dyed for weaving. This results in a more irregular and organic fabric design. When both the warp and the weft are tie-dyed, that’s the double Ikat. This requires utmost precision skills in counting and mounting the warp yarns and in throwing the weft shuttle against the warp patterns in actual weaving.
Kalinga hand woven fabrics are characterized by dominant red stripes and motifs of geometric patterns with nature symbols interlaced with white yellow and black fibers. Originally woven in Lubuagan, the “ka-in” (wrap around skirt) is now more known as the Kalinga. The different types of “ka-in” are gilamat, silugwid, pilakpak, gililing, lilaktob and ilaglis. For men’s g-strings, there are the pilagpagen, kilayao and sillayuti. These are traditionally on rituals and special occasions like weddings, festivals, and other important occasions. In Kalinga weaving symbolism, the sky and ground are represented by the colours indigo and red respectively. Mountains are represented in yellow and are embroidered in the fabric. Yellow symbolizes wealth and refer to growth and fertility. Beading is another distinct characteristic of the Kalinga apparel. The beads
Bontoc hand woven fabrics are characterized by motifs that include geometric shapes of things around them such as man, lizard, mountain, rains and flower. Siniwsiwan is Bontoc’s blanket and clothing. This fabric is used for wanes or men’s G-string (Bahag) and getup or Lufid (Tapis) among women. Married women of Bontoc and Kankanaey wears a type of belt called ginaspala wanes with inawin which is a continuous zigzag pattern.